31. Viktors Zēbergs, professor, Latvia’s Energy Sector.

Latvia’ s energy policy is based on competitiveness and it is aimed at strengthening energetic independence, facilitating the use of renewable and local energy sources, diversification of its energy sources and enhancing environmental protection.


Latvian scientists have taken part in the creation and development of energy as a scientific discipline. The year 1862 saw the establishment of Riga Technical University (at that time Riga Polytechnic), which encompassed 8 faculties. Soon after the most progressive form of energy – electricity – was discovered, the use of electricity for lightning was demonstrated in Riga (in 1879), and starting from 1883 electricity generators were assembled in several institutions of Riga. In 1927, already in independent Latvia, an electrification program, for the coming years up to the year 1950, was elaborated. In 1931, the study on “Fundamentals of Latvia’s electrification” was published. The development of Latvia’s electrification was seen to base on hydropower and other local renewable energy sources. In 1936, a Law was passed on the construction of Ķegums Hydropower Plant (HPP) on the river Daugava and in 1939 the first hydropower unit was put into operation.


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