Posts tagged ‘Riga Technical University’

37. Jānis Krastiņš, professor. Latvian Architecture – the Pride of Latvia.

Since time immemorial, houses have been built in Latvia with their architectural quality often rivaling that of the world renowned masterpieces of architecture. People from all over the world come to admire Riga. There is a lot to see, especially in the historic centre of the city which in 1997 was inscribed on the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage List. Its largest value is the unique Art Nouveau architecture created in the early 20th century when a new generation of architects began working in Riga. The young architects acquired their professional education at Riga Polytechnic Institute where the school of architecture was opened in 1869. It is not an exaggeration to say that Riga was built by the Latvians.

The same school of architecture in Riga, which today is the Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning at Riga Technical University, maintains the traditions of architectural education that have been established more than 140 years ago. The majority of architects practicing in Riga and in other cities of Latvia are the graduates of the local university. That is why the school bears great responsibility for the processes going on in Latvian architecture.

The real high-quality architecture does not attract attention with its unusual and vainglorious image or originality created for the sake of originality, but with a proper artistic composition that perfectly fits in the urban context, creating a harmonious balance and clearly perceivable references to the surrounding environment. Over the last few years several such regard-deserving buildings have indeed been built.

 

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31. Viktors Zēbergs, professor, Latvia’s Energy Sector.

Latvia’ s energy policy is based on competitiveness and it is aimed at strengthening energetic independence, facilitating the use of renewable and local energy sources, diversification of its energy sources and enhancing environmental protection.

 History.

Latvian scientists have taken part in the creation and development of energy as a scientific discipline. The year 1862 saw the establishment of Riga Technical University (at that time Riga Polytechnic), which encompassed 8 faculties. Soon after the most progressive form of energy – electricity – was discovered, the use of electricity for lightning was demonstrated in Riga (in 1879), and starting from 1883 electricity generators were assembled in several institutions of Riga. In 1927, already in independent Latvia, an electrification program, for the coming years up to the year 1950, was elaborated. In 1931, the study on “Fundamentals of Latvia’s electrification” was published. The development of Latvia’s electrification was seen to base on hydropower and other local renewable energy sources. In 1936, a Law was passed on the construction of Ķegums Hydropower Plant (HPP) on the river Daugava and in 1939 the first hydropower unit was put into operation.

 

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26. Leonids Ribickis, Rector of RTU. Riga Technical University.

Riga Technical University is the first technical university in the Baltic countries – its history dates back to 1862 when Riga Politechnical Institute was founded. Professor Wilhelm Ostwald, the founder of physical chemistry and Nobel Prize winner, Professor Paul Walden, who made significant research in organic chemistry and electro chemistry, and many other academics have made the name of Riga Politechnical Institute well-known all over Europe.

Today Riga Technical University is an accredited internationally recognised European university comprising 8 faculties and 35 institutes. It is the second largest university in Latvia by number of students and has the greatest number of state funded students. It provides internationally highly evaluated, accredited bachelor, master and doctoral study programmes in Engineering Sciences, Technologies, Architecture, Natural and Environmental Sciences and Engineering Economics.

 

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